From Marseille to Kunming, all eyes are on the post-2020 global biodiversity framework

Yunnan snub-nosed monkeys cling to each other in Baima Snow Mountain Nature Reserve. [Photo/for China Daily by XIAO LIN]

PARIS – A series of resolutions and commitments were adopted by the Seventh World Conservation Congress (WCC) which closed on Friday in the French port city of Marseille and online, calling for efforts to deal with emergencies climate and biodiversity.

Governments, civil society and the private sector should restore a positive relationship with nature and people by “halting biodiversity loss by engaging in a transformative, effective and ambitious post-2020 global biodiversity framework », We read in the Marseille Manifesto adopted at the closing session of the nine-day conference co-organized by the French government and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The framework, the first version of which was released in July, will be considered at the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP15) from October 11 to 24 in Kunming, capital of southwestern China. China. Yunnan Province.

“The coming months will largely determine how countries approach the biodiversity emergency,” writes the Marseille Manifesto. “Decisive and collaborative action is imperative at CBD COP-15 and beyond.”

Migrating whooping cranes arrive at the wetland of Wuxing Farm in the suburb of Nanchang, Jiangxi Province. [Photo/Xinhua]


“Humanity has reached a tipping point” and “our window of opportunity to respond to these interrelated emergencies and equitably share planetary resources is shrinking rapidly,” the document noted.

The IUCN Red List, updated during Congress with a total of 138,374 species assessed, counts 902 “extinct”, 80 “extinct in the wild” and 8,404 “critically endangered” .

IUCN highlighted the role of human activities on biodiversity when publishing its updated Red List with contrast in the titles.

Four commercially caught tuna species are on track for recovery through the application of regional fishing quotas over the past decade, while 37 percent of the world’s sharks and rays are now threatened with extinction mainly due to overfishing, compounded by habitat loss and degradation and climate change.

This is “a powerful sign that despite increasing pressures on our oceans, species can recover if states truly engage in sustainable practices,” said IUCN Director General Bruno Oberle, adding that the parties concerned “must seize the opportunity to strengthen the ambition in terms of biodiversity conservation, and work towards binding targets based on solid scientific data. “



“Agreeing on a post-2020 global biodiversity framework can play an important role in building the necessary resilience,” CBD Executive Secretary Elizabeth Maruma Mrema said in an open letter to members of the ‘IUCN.

The draft framework recognizes that urgent political action is needed to transform economic, social and financial models at different levels so that the trends that have exacerbated biodiversity loss are stabilized by 2030, allowing the restoration of natural ecosystems in the world. over the next 20 years, with marked improvements by 2050.

“The Aichi Targets have proven that ambition alone is not enough. To be successful, a holistic approach is necessary; what the framework embodies through its whole-of-society, whole-of-government approach, ”said Mrema. .

In 2010, CBD parties set a group of 20 goals for conserving biodiversity at a summit in Aichi, Japan. Countries had until 2020 to meet the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and then move on to creating a post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

However, the Aichi targets, ranging from stopping species from extinction to reducing pollution and preserving forests, had not been met.

For Patrick Giraudoux, professor of ecology at the University of Franche-Comté, the question is what will actually be done to curb the decline in biodiversity.

“I have no doubts about the political will on biodiversity, which is shared by all reasonable people who understand the risk we are taking by facilitating its erosion. It will now have to be translated into facts,” he said. he told Xinhua.

With lessons learned from the past 10 years, the framework for the next decade will include mechanisms to support implementation with adequate means, including financial resources, capacities and technologies, and will be the responsibility of the CBD parties to implement planning, monitoring, reporting and review mechanisms. .

“This vision cannot be achieved by a single country, a single ministry or a single economic sector,” Mrema noted. “Only by working outside silos, and across all sectors, can we achieve the goals of an ambitious setting and living in harmony with nature.

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